|B/3-7 Infantryman At Can Giouc, 1969.
|B/5-12 Infantryman At FSB Brown In Cambodia, 1970.
|Recreated Redcatcher Display, 2005.
Basic Vietnam Impression and
Equipment TO&E by Robby Gouge and David Stieghan
This is not intended to be a history of the conflict
nor of the soldier, so we apologize now for any wandering thoughts. What this is for and the posts to follow are to give you
some background information and knowledge for ideas on your Vietnam Infantry Soldier impression.
Before we get
into the particulars about Vietnam-era uniforms and uniform composition/appearance, start doing your research and pouring
through your sources of books, magazines and web-sites on the US soldier in Vietnam and make some of your own decisions about
your impression and appearance. We know that with out high-standards and levels of authenticity in other time periods,
these important characteristics will follow in this era as well.
Because of the spirit of individuality that comprised
many Infantry units in Vietnam, especially after 1967, it was hard to find two grunts who wore their web gear the same, packed
their rucksacks the same and in short, looked the same. Even though everyone wore the standard OD fatigues, boots, helmets,
gear, etc., (leave your MACV SOG Special Forces Tiger Stripes at home) it was how each grunt made himself as comfortable as
possible in a tropical climate with 60+ lbs of equipment that made him different. In short, we are portraying Vietnam in the
III CTZ, so leave your manuals about the stateside military with equipment and proper military appearance/etiquette at
home in the bathroom. As for insignia, a patch on the left shoulder and collar insignia are Number 1.
There are two
basic ways on which you can base your infantryman's impression; the veteran or the brand new replacement FNG. For the newly-arrived
FNG, wear some brand new, crisp jungle fatigues, nice black, shiny jungle boots and a helmet cover that has no tears or no
soldier's graffiti on it. Likewise your web-gear will look newer, you will act scared and clueless and be a cluster for the
event and the veterans will ignore you and not ask for your name (in theory).
For the veteran look, wear some dirty
and faded fatigues, jungle boots that are scuffed and dirty and web gear that has seen better days. Your helmet cover may
have your DEROS date scribbled on it, your favorite biblical verse, your wife or girlfriend's name, hometown or other favorite
sayings (keep all of this to a minimum as you don't want to look like walking gang graffiti....some guys did it, others didn't).
Also, in your helmet band, some soldiers carried insect repellent (this was the most widespread item on the helmet),
toilet paper, cigarettes, LSA oil or other such items (once again, don't go overboard with this).
If guys had all
their insignia and rank on their fatigues they were either new guys or REMF's. Depending on the unit, some officers and NCO's
rarely wore insignia as well, lest they became targets for snipers. For grunts in the field, it would differ as to what was
sewn on and what was not. Some may have a sterile uniform, some with only the US tape, some with the US tape and unit insignia,
some with only the unit insignia, some with their name tapes...the list goes on and on.
Keep in mind with the helicopter
and resupply, some grunts may get clean fatigues on the resupply drop, if they were lucky, and others may not (rarely were
soldiers in the field given back their issued fatigues, only back in basecamp). Finally, and we are sure that all of you are
aware of this, make sure your fatigues are period OD green, ripstop, especially with slanted pockets for the jackets. Be sure
you don't have the modern OD fatigues as they are very different from the real ones and you will stand out like a real idiot.
An issue OD towel comes in very handy as well around your neck for extra padding and to wipe the sweat and grime from your
Get a proper green t-shirt or wear a green towel with a serape, or poncho, slit in the middle for your head.
The former are often found at surplus stores with a little scrounging or you can use modern US Marine Corps shirts if you
wash them a few times before coming out (around $ 6.00). The latter may be found in the same way or in thrift shops. The guys
wore these under their frag vests for padding and to soak up sweat. Use your WWII drawers if you cannot obtain a pair of period
Have EVERYTHING secured in plastic or other waterproof containers. Many troops used "elephant condoms," euphemistically
called "elephant bags" in some surplus catalogs these days. The early ones were WWII invasion rifle covers cut down to the
last 18" or 24" to stuff wallets, photographs, cameras, audio tapes, matches, cigs, etc. Also available were the 1967 contract
"case, pistol or personal effects" bags issued by the army. Believe me, you will want to have dry socks and underwear after
it rains. Take care of your old 1960s stuff and your old, bad self.
For equipment, your web gear should be the canvas,
OD M56 stuff that was issued to all personnel that served in-country. Each soldier was issued a set of canvas H-harness suspenders,
a web belt with either vertical or horizontal weave, two canvas M14/M16 ammo pouches, and two canvas canteen pouches w/ OD
canteens, although more canteens were acquired and carried by the grunts. The two-quart canteens with nylon carriers are acceptable
as they were first introduced in late 1967 (You should be able to find a Vietnam-dated one). A canvas first-aid pouch was
also issued and usually clipped to the suspenders. Nylon gear began to make its widespread appearance in mid-1970.
Nylon ammo pouches are acceptable if the event fits this time frame. Also, Vietnam-era gear is very different from
the modern ALICE gear and should not be worn. You can arrange the web gear to however it is most comfortable to you since
you are the one wearing it.
There were two common types of e-tools in use during the early to middle part of the Vietnam
War: M1943 with the late WWII OD carrier, or the M1952 with the M1910 or M1956 carrier. Do not bring a tri-fold type. Every
soldier carried an entrenching tool. It is used to dig a slit trench or a fox hole, to fill sandbags, or to bury things. We
also need guys to bring their machetes to pass through the "jungle" and to selectively clear fields of fire in front of fighting
positions. If you don't bring one, another troop will gladly loan one to you when it's your turn. Expect to sharpen the shovels
and machetes every fifteen minutes or so.
The next item is probably the hardest of all items to find so don't sweat
it if you don't have it; use a canvas M56/61 butt-pack instead or an ARVN ruck. This item is the Lightweight Rucksack with
the tubular, aluminum frame. Modern-day ALICE packs were not used at any time in Vietnam and are NOT acceptable!!! There are
two ways in which you can configure your ruck to the frame....either at the top or bottom. Personally, I think the weight
is distributed better when the ruck is at the top. For your carrying enjoyment, I would suggest that you try to pack a poncho,
poncho liner, extra socks, extra magazines and ammo and anything else you think is useful. Once again, you are carrying this
so pick and choose your gear wisely.
Another very useful item that was invaluable was the claymore mine bag (just
as useful as the gas mask bag or ammo bag in WWII). I would advise that you try and find one (I carry one tied to the frame
of my rucksack) as it will be the bag you want to put your spent magazines, ammo, camera and other stuff in.
the basic rations for the period, the most prevalent ration of the Vietnam War issued to US troops were C-Rations (LRRP rations
were issued as well, but mainly to SF, LRRPS, etc., and never in great quantities to line troops). Modern-day MRE's are not
acceptable and did not come out until the early 80's. C-rations were somewhat similar in composition to the WWII ones with
some minor differences, mainly with the choice of menus and cigarettes offered. If you want to make the most out of your experience,
then I would suggest ordering some of Hogan's repro rations as they are somewhat similar to the Vietnam era, complete with
all the goodies. Some canned goods of the same size and spray painted OD green are good. Bring the right size cans of fruit
cocktail, peaches, beans with weiners, etc. Take off the rings and use your P-38 if you must. Make sure the cans are smooth-sided
without folds or corrugations, and paint them a pale green. Then, either put them carry them inside your ruck, inside a claymore
mine bag, or put them inside a standard GI issue sock and tie it from the ruck.
Do not bring MREs. Reproduction WWII
C-rations are better. Do not overlook the efficacy of cooking rice in your canteen cup. These guys captured tons of rice on
sweeps and much of it was still in the USA food aid bags! It was considered a welcome change from the "ham and motherf--kers"
or John Wayne cookies in the C-rats. When possible, fresh fruit was delivered with C-rats (apples, oranges, etc.) so the guys
would void more than once a week. If you have a WWII or later mermite can, bring it. Especially if you have the three inserts.
One can will carry enough hot or cold chow for a complete squad. If you take a look at original pictures of fire bases, you
will notice the large number of # 10 cans the men are using to shave, bathe, or cook in (or for other body functions while
on alert). These cans came in with fruit cocktail, dehydrated potatoes, etc. If you use tryoxane bars, charcoal, scrounged
DRY hardwood, or a C4 block, you can cook more than coffee.
You should plan on bringing LOTS of water (at least 4-5
quarts). When you study period pictures, besides ammunition, grunts had canteens everywhere on their rucks and web belts.
This will be heavy, but remember these are summer events with lots of walking and dehydration is not a fun activity for the
weekend. We advise that you carry as much water as you possibly can. No, you don't have to find Vietnam-era canteens, buy
the modern 1qt. as they are the same. Just make sure you get the correct cap. Also, the repop 5 qt. are good to go as well.
Four canteens translates into four quarts. That can be done with two one-quart and one two-quart canteen, or four one-quart
canteen. Good repops of the five-quart canteen/floatation device are available for $14-18.00 in stores, catalogues, or the
internet. If you don't want to buy extra covers, just loop the naked canteens on your combat suspenders or your ruck frame
like they did.
Don't salute officers in combat. One or both
of you will be identified as a leader by a sniper. You must learn to SALUTE, however. When reporting any activity, privates
knew they were to render a SALUTE report:
Size of enemy group?
Activity what is
the enemy doing?
Location where exactly did you see the enemy?
Uniform what uniform and individual weapons and
gear did the enemy have?
Time what time, or how long ago, did you see the enemy?
Equipment what equipment,
i.e., crew-served weapons, commo gear, mines, etc., did the enemy have?
During events you will hear a lot of period
military acronyms (OCOKA, METT, RATELO, FPL, FPF, FRAGO, SITREP, BOMREP, T & E, T. O. & E., FMs & TMs, GM angle,
FNG, REMF, Short, Lifer, Point, LP/OP, concertina, foo gas, claymore, Victor Charles, 364 days and a wake up, shake 'n' bake,
boom boom, dinky dao, diddi mau, numba one, numba ten, Top, CO, frag, high and tight, R & R, AFVN, USO, Spec4 Pat Sajak,
the Green Weenie, APC, MPC, LPC, LES, OPORD, and a thousand more). If you don't know, ask.
Here is a list of required
uniforms and equipment:
1. OD 3rd Pattern Jungle Fatigues-Poplin or Ripstop
2. Undershirt, OD
Jungle, Vietnam-era with inserts (No modern pairs)
4. Socks, wool, OD
5. Helmet, M1 with liner and Vietnam-era
cover and proper chin straps
6. M1956 LBE Web Gear (No nylon or Y-straps)
7. M1956 Web Belt (Vertical or horizontal
8. Pouch, canvas, first-aid
9. Two M1956 canvas ammo pouches
10. M1956/1961 canvas buttpack
11. Two or more OD 1-quart canteens, canteen cup, and canvas carriers (Period 2-quart acceptable)
and canvas carrier (no tri-folding e-tools)
13. Period-looking c-rations
14. Proper Weapon; either AR-15/M16A1
or M-14/M1A in the correct period style with Hollywood BFA and cleaning kit, patches, LSA oil -Plenty of blanks
List of recommended optional equipment:
1. Liner, poncho, ERDL with center seam
Poncho, rubberized, Vietnam-era
3. Tags, Identification with proper information
4. Flash-light (T122) with
5. Powder, foot
6. Rucksack, Lightwieght with frame (No ALICE Gear)
7. Machete and period
8. M16 7 pocket cloth bandoleers
9. Period ammo cans
10. OD Boonie Hat
12. Repellent, Insect in either the clear plastic or OD bottle
13. Towel, OD
needs to borrow something, speak up and let us know. This is a good list of basic items issued and carried by the common infantryman
in Vietnam. When collecting these items for my impression over the years, I ran into a lot of stuff that I didn't know I needed
that I could have gotten for nothing that are now difficult to find. If you don't have all of the basics on this list, either
you haven't found it yet, can't afford it, or just didn't know you needed it. While I bought basics first, I ran into other
stuff that I picked up to complete my impression "out of sequence." Do not let the mere fact that you don't have all the kit
keep you from coming along. We have several complete sets of gear ready to go, including helmets.
If you don't have
1960s dog tags, use your WWII ones. Otherwise, David Stieghan can help. He can have you a pair of dog tags on a chain made
for $4.00 and four embroidered name tapes for $4.00 a set. You can order matching US Army name tapes for the same amount or
just use the stamped ones on nylon. The earlier you get in your order, the more time that you have to get them sewed on. Otherwise,
get out your sewing kit at the fire base. My turn around is 24 hours from time of cash order to pick up, but then I have to
mail them out. If you want them shipped include a couple of bucks to do so.
Before October 1968:
First Name MI
Army Service Number
Religious Preference Blood Type
10-68, the soldier's Social Security Number replaced the ASN. If you do not have a middle initial, "NMI" is substituted.
lengths of 550 cord to make chain cushions and "friction tape" to tape them together.
Don't forget your P-38 opener
and dufflebag key.
|E/5-12 Sniper In Cambodia, 1970.